The area is blessed with wide variety of flora. Flora of the area appears to chage colour with change in weather. In winters it completely gets covered with snow. Ther greenery starts taking roots in end May after melting of snow and reaches its bloom in Jul when the whole area is covered by green carpet. It end Aug, again due to drop in temperature, the flowers and grass start turning brown and finally turn black giving way to winters. Famous fruit trees of the area are walnut, apricot, cherry and apple. This area is also famous for its potato crop which is one of the best in Pakistan and is a major source of income for the locals of the area. Shellu Sag, a local grass (vegetable) is a common food among locals of the area. The areas is home to many herbs used in allopathic, homeopathic and herbal medicines. Natural herbs found in the areas are used for treating Blood Pressure, Diabetes and Hair fall etc. Rattu Valley is especially famous for its Black Cumin (Black Zeera). Some flowers found in the area are Verbascum Thapsus Deosai Lake, or Sheosar Lake is in the park. The lake, at an elevation of 4,142 metres (13,589 ft), is one of the highest lakes in the world. Its length is 2.3 kilometres (7,500 ft), width 1.8 kilometres (5,900 ft) and average depth 40 metres (130 ft). It is located near the Chilim Valley on the Deosai Plains.Tourist can also enjoy fishing at the lake.It is also famous for Brown Bear which is the only species found in the world here. There are also other kind of wild animals among them Markhor is famous. Cosmos Cosmos are herbaceous perennial plants growing 0.3-2m tall. Their leaves are simple and arranged in opposite pairs. Chamomile These plants are best known for their ability to be made into an infusion which is commonly used to help with sleep and is often served with honey and lemon A large number of other wild flowers not found any where can also be seen in the area. Some of them are as below Paper Birch Commonly called "Paper Pine" belonging to the family "Betulaceae" and scientifically khown as "Betula Papyrifera" is also found in western part of the GB Scouts. It is also found in Azad Kashmir and Parachinar Pakistan. Paper is derived from the sliver-white bark of Birch tree, which is removed in sheets and rolls. After drying and pressing, sheets are rubbed smooth with shells. Due to its waterproof and insect repellent properties, it is used as insulating material in the roofs of wooden huts, construct maneuverable canoes, dishes, durable wigwams, cooking pots, needle cases and leak proof containers for storage of butter, maple syrup and water. The paper Birch has been used in the construction of famous "Iltat Fort" in Hunza and "Potala Palace" in Tibet. The natives of the area use it to make diaries, albums and souvenirs. It is called as "Juss" in natives Balti language.
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